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Africa’s 10 greatest unsolved mysteries

Africa’s 10 greatest unsolved mysteries

Africa, the second-largest and second-most populated continent in the world after Asia has several unanswered mysteries that require a scientific explanation.

Among the African countries, there are so many unexplored and unknown regions, and it is not shocking that there are many amazing destinations among particular.

1. Deadly Lake Natron in Tanzania

Lake Natron is a beautiful but deadly lake which transforms animals into stone.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
Lake Natron in Tanzania

According to some researchers this is not due to any mystical spell. If we believed in their numerous studies, it’s only because of the salt in the water and the high alkaline ph.

The water’s pH was estimated at 10.5 – almost as high as ammonia (a colorless inorganic gas that irritates the sensory organs).

The presence of these elements is known to cause calcification (accumulation of calcium salts in body tissues) when animals come into contact with the lake-water, and their bodies turn to stone.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
©LiveScience – Lake Natron in Tanzania, turned animal to stone

Yet those studies didn’t provide specific pictures of why they turned into stone entirely.

Even in these dangerous waters, some species manage to survive.

The list includes a single fish species (Alcolapia latilabris), some algae, and a flamingo colony that feeds on the algae and breeds on the shore.

2. Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove in Nigeria

In Africa, the second unresolved mystery is Osogbo’s holy grove. Nestled within the thick forest of Osogbo in Osun State, Nigeria is the sacred Osun Grove.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
©Ancientpages – Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove

Lots of ancient statues, shrines, and monkeys can be found here. This site is considered the birthplace of the goddess of fertility called Oshun, a deity of Yoruba.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
Part of the Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove in Nigeria

The creation of the grove in Africa is still an unresolved mystery. Tourists are also advised to go with guides.

3. Cleopatra’s tomb In Egypt

Ancient writers claim that after their death in 30 BC, Cleopatra VIII and her husband Mark Antony were buried together in a cemetery.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
©CodeCarvings Piczard/Egypt Today – Assumed place of Cleopatra’s tomb in Egypt

One of the writers Plutarch (A. D. 45-120) stated that the tomb was located near a temple of Isis (An Egyptian goddess) and that it was a high and lovely tomb Which contained artefacts made of emeralds, pearls, gold, silver, ivory, and ebony.

The location of the grave in Africa remains an unsolved mystery.

Zahi Hawass, former Egyptian Minister of Antiquities, “In 2010 excavated at a site near Alexandria now called Taposiris Magna, which appears to contain several tombs from the time Cleopatra VII ruled Egypt,”

In a series of press releases, Hawass announced that Cleopatra VII was not among them.

Archaeologists have also noted that although Cleopatra’s tomb has survived to this day, it may be heavily looted and unidentifiable.

4. Unsolved Mystery Of Gedi Ruins in Kenya

The enigmatic abandoned town of Gedi is located in Malindi, in southeast Kenya. The unsolved mystery is surrounded by dense forests and empty structures.

Unsolved Mystery Of Gedi Ruins in Kenya
Unsolved Mystery Of Gedi Ruins in Kenya

History says that, in the early 17th century, it was once a prosperous Swahili town that was suddenly abandoned. No one can explain why, what actually happened or give an exact account.

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Many stories claimed that their priests’ spirits were guarding the ruins called The Elders (Old Ones). These priests are supposed to curse anyone who invades the site or attempts to steal something. However, the area is synonymous with many odd ghost stories.

5. The Giant Blue Eye of Mauritania

Another of Africa ‘s greatest wonders is the giant blue eye of Africa located in Mauritania ‘s western Sahara desert. It is also called the Sahara’s Eye.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
The Giant Blue Eye of Mauritania

It’s in the shape of a blue circle and is believed to be over 100 million years old.

There are other stories about its creation, though.

Although some assert that this was the result of an asteroid’s impact, others claimed that it was created by erosion or volcanic eruption.

Another group of researchers called it “a hole that was formed when God in the days of Noah flooded the earth with water.”

All these reports did not yet provide a clear explanation for the mysterious blue eye

6. The Mysterious Tomb KV55 in Egypt

The most daunting discoveries in Africa are possibly the discovery of the contents of what became known in 1907 as Tomb KV55.

The Mysterious Tomb KV55 in Egypt
©Ancient pages – The Mysterious Tomb KV55 in Egypt

What is especially unusual about Tomb 55 is that it has been said to initially bore the Tutankhamen seal. The study underlying the argument remains unchecked.

Nevertheless, Tutankhamun was buried nearby, and his grave remained undiscovered until several years later.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
©Ancient pages

What’s even more interesting about Tomb KV55 is the fact that it was locked to keep the mummy inside, as opposed to keeping robbers and rogues out.

In addition, the mummy’s body had been deliberately desecrated as well as appeared and displayed as a woman, despite the fact that he was found to be a man.

7. Igbo-Ukwu bronzes in Nigeria

Igbo-Ukwu bronzes amazed the world with a very high degree of technological and artistic ability and complexity much more advanced than contemporary European bronze casting.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
One of the bronzes found in Igbo-Ukwu

Isiah Anozie made the first discoveries while digging through his enclosure in 1939.

Isiah was not aware of the importance of the items that he had discovered. He gave some to his friends and neighbours and also used the vessels as a goat watering-can.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
Another bronze

The high technical expertise and lack of established Igbo-Ukwu bronzes concepts resulted in early reports suggesting in the academic community that the bronzes had to be produced after the European contact and ghost travellers had been applied for.

Study and isotope analysis show, however, that the source of the metals is of local origin, and the radiocarbon dating of the 9th century revealed This was confirmed well before the first touch with Europe.

The artefacts of Igbo-Ukwu dismissed the hitherto existing views of the colonial period in archaeological circles that these remarkable works of art and technical ability could only come from areas in contact with Europe.

Or that they cannot be created in an acephalous or democratic culture like the Igbo’s.

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Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
Artwork among the discovered bronzes

Some of the glass and carnelian beads were found to be made in Old Cairo in the workshops of Fustat, indicating that a network of long-distance trade stretching from the Igbo Ukwu to Byzantine Egypt existed.

Whether that is settlement, residence, or burial ground is still unclear.

8. How the Pyramid of Egypt was built

The ancient technological accomplishments at Giza were so remarkable that scientists are not sure how the pyramids were constructed even today.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
©8moment – How the Pyramid of Egypt was built

And they learned a lot about the people who created them, and the political influence they needed to bring it about.

The builders were skilled, well-nourished Egyptian workers who lived in a temporary town nearby.

Archaeological excavations at the fascinating site have revealed a highly organized culture, rich in wealth, to which a convincing authority would have contributed.

Communities in Egypt probably provided workers, as well as food and other essential contributions, for what in some ways became a national project to show the richness and control of the ancient pharaohs.

But how Egypt’s great pyramids were constructed remains an unsolved mystery in Africa

9. The Seven-Colored Earth of Chamarel in Mauritius

It is a major tourist attraction found in the south-west of Mauritius district “Rivière Noire.” It is a small area of dunes, as its name suggests, with seven different colours.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
©Tourism-Mauritius – The Seven-Colored Earth of Chamarel in Mauritius

It is alleged that a volcanic eruption formed it. A waterfall that is 83 meters high borders it with giant turtles.

Another unusual characteristic of the dunes is that, given the strong and frequent rains on Mauritius, they do not appear to erode.

10. Grooved sphere rock in South Africa

A rock known as Precambrian lies in South Africa and is around 2.8 billion years old.

When mining metals some miners find the strange metal spheres there.

Africa's 10 greatest unsolved mysteries
Grooved sphere rock in South Africa

They are about 1 inch in diameter and have three parallel grooves etched around the equator.

Most of the spheres are solid bluish metal with white spots whereas others are filled with a white spongy substance.

The origin and creation of those spheres in Africa are still unresolved mysteries.

Of course, this clarification does nothing to please those who are persuaded that the spheres are too good for natural existence.

They have been a hot topic among conspiracy theorists, since their first discovery in South African mines, who see them as evidence of ancient aliens.

Most of the uncertainty about the sources of the spheres originated from an unverified tale in which a man took one sphere to NASA.

According to this tale, they told the man after NASA checked the stone that the sphere could only have been made in zero gravity because its balance was too good to have been formed naturally.

Of course, there is no evidence of this story, and close inspection of the spheres has disproved any claims of “absolute equilibrium,” along with reports that the spheres are “harder than steel.”

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